Orange County is a county located in the Piedmont region of the U.S. UU. It received its name from the infant William V of Orange, whose mother Anne, daughter of King George II of Great Britain, was then regent of the Dutch Republic. In 1771, Orange County declined significantly in area.
The western part was combined with the eastern part of Rowan County to form Guilford County. Another part was combined with parts of Cumberland County and Johnston County to form Wake County. The southern part of what was left became Chatham County. In 1777, the northern half of what remained of Orange County became Caswell County.
In 1849, Western County became Alamance County. Finally, in 1881, the eastern half of the remaining county territory was combined with part of Wake County to form County Durham. Some of the first settlers of the county were English Quakers, who settled along the Haw and Eno rivers. Arguably, the first settlers in the county were the Andrews family, who would later marry the Lloyd family.
With the scarcity of species, many farmers in the interior were cash-poor and unable to pay their taxes; they resented the consequent seizure of their properties. In addition, local sheriffs sometimes saved taxes for their own benefit and sometimes charged twice for the same tax. Sometimes sheriffs intentionally deleted records of their tax collection to increase tax citizens. Rowan, Anson, Orange, Granville and Cumberland Counties Reportedly Most Affected by Such Corruption.
It was a struggle of farmers and other citizens, mostly from the lower class, who made up the majority of the population of North Carolina, and of the wealthy ruling class, which made up about 5% of the population, but maintained almost total control of the government. Of the 8,000 people living in Orange County at the time, an estimated 6,000 to 7000 of them supported Regulators. Founded by the North Carolina General Assembly on December 11, 1789, the cornerstone of the University of North Carolina was laid on October 12, 1793, near the ruins of a chapel, chosen for its central location within the state. The UNC, which began teaching undergraduate students in 1795, is the oldest public university in the United States and the only one to grant degrees in the 18th century.
During the 1960s, the UNC campus was the site of a major political protest. Prior to the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, protests over local racial segregation began quietly in Franklin Street restaurants; activists increased their influence and led mass demonstrations and civil unrest. The county is partly drained by the Eno River. Orange County is governed by a seven-member board of commissioners.
Commissioners are elected for four-year terms per district and generally in partisan elections, held in November of even-numbered years. Orange County is a member of the Triangle J Regional Council of Governments. English emigrants from Virginia settled in northern Orange County along the Hyco River and County Creek. Orange County combines the best of cosmopolitan and rural values with an abundance of historical, social and cultural resources.
At the time of the organization, Orange County was bordered to the north by the colony of Virginia, to the south by the Lord Granville line, 35° 34', and to the east by Granville, Johnston and Bladen counties. There were grants along the Hyco River in what became northern Orange County in 1748, and along the Dan River, Hogan Creek and County Line Creek in 1751. Orange County does not discriminate on the basis of race, color, national origin, disability, age, or sex in the administration of its programs or activities. The Orange County Court of Appeals and Quarterly Sessions held its first session at John Gray's home, near the River Eno, on September 9, 1752, attended by eight justices of the peace. Matthew's Parish was formed in 1752 in the western parts of Granville, Johnston and Bladen counties.
Orange County is located in the north-central Piedmont section of North Carolina, approximately midway between Washington, DC and Atlanta, GA. Today, Orange County is bordered to the north by Caswell and Person, to the south by Chatham, to the west by Alamance and to the east by Counties of Durham. And for centuries before this, Orange County was a site for at least three successive Native American villages. Citizens of Orange, Granville, Wake, Chatham and Caswell Counties paid taxes to cover building costs.
It is the residents and government of Orange County, working together, who have built a strong and vital community that addresses today's needs while planning for tomorrow's challenges and opportunities. In 1777, Caswell County was divided into the northern part of Orange County, which included Person County, later established. . .